Sallus Creek Headwaters Restoration

Photos

This photo was taken after the restoration work carried out along the stream bank. Most of the planted trees have been removed, giving more space for the willow to flourish. A before picture is coming soon!

Eco-cultural Restoration Prescription

Two types of work were carried out at Sallus Creek. The first type of work was carried out on the banks of a small stream in the largest clearcut. The objective in this area is to restore diverse moose habitat. The restoration work encourages the growth of willow and other wetland shrubs that moose feed on. We thinned out the planted trees along the stream to create openings in the plantation. The naturally regenerated trees, especially spruce and fir, were retained, and most of the planted trees, especially the pine, were removed. Trees were left around the scattered stumps in order to maintain the natural structure of the forest. As a result, the dense plantation along the stream was restored into an open ecosystem of willow with scattered young spruce and fir trees. The restoration prescription includes the following treatment specifications:

     - Remove trees around the willow bushes
     - Leave 3 to 4 trees around each stump, with a preference for leaving spruce and fir
     - cut all planted pine
     - leave the largest, healthiest natural regeneration, including pine, spruce, and fir
     - lop and scatter the slash

The second type of work was carrying out stand thinning trials in five one-hectare areas within the plantations. The purpose of the stand thinning trials is to create three different thinning treatments in moist and dry ecosystem types and observe the effects of the thinning on the trees and the ecosystem over time. Each trial area was thinned to a density of 400, 600, or 800 stems per hectare. The restoration prescription includes the following treatment specifications:

     - Thin the trial area to the target density
     - Increase the diversity of conifer species
     - Leave the healthiest, largest trees
     - Leave more spruce trees in moist areas and more pine trees in dry areas
     - Maintain the natural stand structure by leaving trees near old stumps. 

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Xaxli’p Community Forest Corporation (XCFC) carries out ecologically and culturally sustainable land use for the benefit of Xaxli’p people, considering the needs of present and future generations.

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