Gibbs Creek Riparian Restoration

Before and After Photos

 

Above is an old growth stump surrounded by the young deciduous forest that grew in after the logging. 

Trees were transplanted beside old growth stumps.

The crew hard at work!

Some of the tall alders and aspens were cut down around the transplants to let more sunlight onto the forest floor. Can you see the transplanted trees?

A total of 70 trees were transplanted. 

Eco-cultural Restoration Prescription

Our objective at Gibbs Creek is to assist the forest in returning to an old-growth spruce, fir, and cedar forest, similar to what it looked like before it was logged. High-grade logging in the mid-1900s removed the big spruce, cedar and fir trees. As a result, a thick young stand of birch, aspen, and alder grew in, blocking sunlight from the forest floor and making it difficult for spruce, cedar and fir to regenerate.

In order to restore a healthy conifer forest, we transplanted three or four young conifer trees around each old-growth stump to achieve a stand structure and composition similar to that of the old-growth forest. Then, we removed some of the deciduous trees around the transplants to increase sunlight to the forest floor. The restoration prescription included the following treatment specifications:

     - areas to transplant young trees must be accessible by vehicle and wheelbarrow, contain stumps and fallen trees, and have natural openings in the deciduous overstory.
     - trees to transplant are selected based on the following criteria:
            - growing in the 800-1000 meter elevation range
            - more than 4 years old
            - between 30 cm and 150 cm in height
            - Douglas fir or spruce trees
            - free from insects and disease
     - Trees must be dug up carefully, to maintain the majority of the taproot and other roots. The soil around the tree must be transplanted as well.
     - Deciduous trees and shrubs need to be removed around the site of the transplanted tree to ensure adequate sunlight to the tree.
     - Three or four trees are to be planted next to each stump.
     - Trees are to be planted in mineral soil, decaying wood, or a mixture of both.

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Xaxli’p Community Forest Corporation (XCFC) carries out ecologically and culturally sustainable land use for the benefit of Xaxli’p people, considering the needs of present and future generations.

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